This report was prepared by Reiner Forster and Mark Mattner. The report builds on analytical work and background research commissioned from Thania Paffenholz (Universities of Geneva and Berne, Switzerland) and Christoph Spurk (Zurich University of Applied Sciences, Winterthur, Switzerland), with the support of Tobias Denskus. Carmen Malena and Jeff Thindwa made valuable contributions to the general civil society and the enabling environment sections of the report.